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By Umut Uzer

During this e-book, Umut Uzer examines the ideological evolution and transformation of Turkish nationalism from its early precursors to its modern protagonists. Turkish nationalism erupted onto the area degree within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries, as Greeks, Armenians, and different minority teams in the Ottoman Empire started to search independence. partially in accordance with the emerging nationalist voices of those teams, Turkish intellectuals started propagating Turkish nationalism via educational in addition to well known books, and later institutions released semipropagandist journals with the aid of the Unionist and Kemalist governments. whereas predominantly a textual research of the first assets written via the nationalists, this quantity takes under consideration how political advancements prompted Turkish nationalism and in addition tackles the query of ways an ideology that started as a innovative, innovative, forward-looking perfect finally remodeled into person who is conservative, patriarchal, and sentimental to the Ottoman and Islamic previous. among Islamic and Turkish id is the 1st e-book in any language to comprehensively research Turkish nationalism with such scope and engagement with basic resources; it goals to dissect the phenomenon in all its manifestations.

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Additional resources for An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between Turkish Ethnicity and Islamic Identity

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Slogan-like verses were employed to summarize ideas in a concise manner, and Ömer Seyfettin adorned his short plays with the poems of Gökalp. Ömer Seyfettin (1884–1920), born in Gönen in Western Turkey, was one of the early nationalists linking linguistic nationalism with political nationalism. We see one of the common themes of Turkish nationalism, mefkure (the ideal), in the writings of Seyfettin. He defined the Turkish ideal as the desire to unite all Turkic lands under the Ottoman banner. He expressed with certainty his belief that the Ottoman armies would reach all the way to “the motherland Turan” during World War I.

Cansever was the oldest of those arrested in the 1944 trials. 66 Besides these efforts, members of the CUP tried to control the society on other occasions, such as when they encouraged Ziya Gökalp’s { 31 } Cha pt e r 1 candidacy for president of the Hearth in 1918. Despite the existence of ideological and financial links between the two organizations, however, Gökalp failed to win the elections. Tanrıöver preserved an element of autonomy from the party even though some members belonged to both the Hearth and the party, including Gökalp, Yurdakul, Ağaoğlu, Muhtar, and Turan.

On the issue of language, literature teacher Lastik Said Bey summarized the position of cultural Turkists: “Those who want Arabic go to Arabia, those who want Persian go to Persia. Frank lovers go to the land of Franks. ”31 In light of these ideas we can observe the birth of Turkish nationalism in the late nineteenth century, yet not until Atatürk was the idea put into action. Turkish nationalism never became a hegemonic idea among Young Turks but was confined to a certain faction. { 23 } Cha pt e r 1 “I Am a Tur k”: A Revolu t ionar y Idea The Cretan insurrection against the Ottoman administration and the support provided by Greece to the rebels led to the Greek-Ottoman War in 1897.

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