Download Alcoholism: A Review of its Characteristics, Etiology, by Irving Maltzman PDF

By Irving Maltzman

Alcoholism: A evaluate of Its features, Etiology, Treatment,and Controversies offers a correct photograph of the present nation of analysis and therapy effectiveness within the box of alcoholism. utilizing compelling proof, Irving Maltzman describes how the sector has been distorted by means of the habit remedy procedure.
A uncommon experimental psychologist on the college of California, la, Professor Maltzman has written a complete, vital paintings marked through incisive argument. Alcoholism is a superb reference for teachers in addition to pros operating in addictions treatment.

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Extra resources for Alcoholism: A Review of its Characteristics, Etiology, Treatments, and Controversies

Sample text

Thombs (1994) tells us that: The principal aims of 'behaviorism' are to elucidate the conditions of human learning and to develop a technology for behavior change. , addiction). One of the major premises, then, is that certain fundamental laws (known and unknown) govern the initiation, maintenance, and cessation of human behavior. Alcohol or drug use is considered a behavior that is subject to the same principles of learning as driving a car, typing a letter, or building a house. 74). Note the similarity in the statements of Nathan and of Thombs.

If alcoholism is learned, then psychologists can treat alcoholics, in fact, treat them more appropriately then psychiatrists, since the area of learning is in the domain of expertise of psychology not psychiatry. Marlatt continues: behavioral theorists define addiction as a powerful habit pattern, an acquired vicious cycle of self-destructive behavior that is locked in by the collective effects of classical conditioning (acquired tolerance mediated in part by classical conditioning compensatory responses to the deleterious effects of the addictive substance), and operant reinforcement (both the positive reinforcement of the high of the drug rush and the negative reinforcement associated with drug use as a means of escaping or avoiding dysphoric physical and/or mental states ...

Instead, Fingarette emphasizes that the new look in alcoholism treatment is concerned with individual differences and the diverse patterns of alcoholism and is disposed to matching patients and treatments in contrast to the traditional treatment. The latter requires that everyone be treated in similar fashion because alcoholism unfolds inexorably in a manner common to all. Fingarette's argument is false. This classic matching study by McLachlan (1972) was conducted at the Donwood Institute in Toronto, whose director at the time was R.

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