By Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein
This first quantity of an exhilarating annual sequence offers vital new advancements within the psychology in the back of matters within the legislations and its purposes. mental conception is used to discover why many present criminal rules and methods will be useless or counterproductive, with specific emphasis on new findings on how witnesses, jurors, and suspects will be prompted, occasionally resulting in injustice. professional students make concepts for advancements, suggesting either destiny instructions for study inquiries on themes and wanted coverage adjustments. themes incorporated during this preliminary supplying have hardly ever been thought of in such an in-depth model or are wanting severe re-thinking:
- Interrogation of minority suspects: pathways to precise and fake confessions.
- A entire review of showups.
- The weapon concentration impression for individual identifications and descriptions.
- The psychology of legal jury directions.
- Structured chance review and criminal determination making.
- Children’s participation in criminal lawsuits: tension, coping, and consequences.
- Sex criminal coverage and prevention.
- The psychology of tort law.
Demonstrating the scope and rigor that may represent the sequence, quantity 1 of Advances in Psychology and legislation will curiosity psychology and felony specialists in addition to practising psychologists, and may motivate clean considering because the fields proceed to interact.
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Extra info for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1
A suspect may come to the attention of police through one or more mechanisms varying in the extent and quality of evidence implicating that specific suspect. , Davis & O’Donohue, 2004; Leo, 2008). We suggest that innocent minority suspects suffer enhanced vulnerability to interrogation in circumstances involving weak, if any, probable cause to suspect guilt. We further suggest that this occurs through three broad mechanisms imperfectly related to actual guilt: (1) the likelihood of attracting police attention, (2) additional factors promoting initial suspicion of guilt, and (3) police assessments of suspect deceptiveness during initial contact.
Formal criminal profiles refer to police organizations’ identification of a set of characteristics describing the typical offender or offending population for specific crimes (such as those for involvement in drug crimes; see Harris, 2002). Informal or “intuitive” profiling (see Davis & Follette, 2002) refers to commonly held stereotypes among police and/or lay persons concerning the characteristics of persons likely to commit specific types of crimes or to be involved in criminal behavior generally.
Notably, though the majority of legal and psychological literature on minorities in interrogation has focused on Black and Latino suspects, some have suggested that AsianAmericans and Asian foreign nationals may suffer the greatest disadvantage (Gee, 2013). In addition to other language barriers, their cultures directly encourage deference to authority, indirect requests, and less assertive speech, placing them at greater risk of waiving rights to silence and deferring generally to law enforcement demands for information.