By Jacqueline Cerquiglini-Toulet
Is it valid to conceive of and write a heritage of medieval French literature whilst the time period "literature" as we all know it this day didn't seem until eventually the very finish of the center a long time? during this novel creation to French literature of the interval, Jacqueline Cerquiglini-Toulet says definite, arguing profound literary realization did exist on the time.
Cerquiglini-Toulet demanding situations the traditional methods of examining and comparing literature, contemplating medieval literature now not as break away that during different eras yet as a part of the wider culture of worldwide literature. Her immense and discovered readings of either canonical and lesser-known works pose an important questions on, between different issues, the idea of otherness, the which means of switch and balance, and the connection of medieval literature with theology.
Part background of literature, half theoretical feedback, this publication reshapes the language and content material of medieval works. by way of weaving jointly issues similar to the starting place of epic and lyric poetry, Latin-French bilingualism, women’s writing, grammar, authorship, and extra, Cerquiglini-Toulet does not anything below redefine either philosophical and literary methods to medieval French literature. Her publication is a historical past of the literary act, a heritage of phrases, a historical past of rules and works―monuments instead of documents―that calls into query sleek suggestions of literature.
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Additional info for A New History of Medieval French Literature
Usurped, like the name of Walter Map that ﬁgures at the end of the Quest del Saint Graal (Quest of the Holy Grail) and at the beginning of the Mort le Roi Artu (Death of King Arthur). The historical Walter Map, born around 1135, wrote in Latin for Henry II Plantagenet, in particular his De nugis curialium (Of the Frivolities of the Courtiers). Helie de Boron, in the epilogue of the Prose Tristan, attributes the Lancelot to him. But Helie de Boron is, itself, an invented name that combines a biblical name, “Helie,” with a fragment of the name Robert de Boron, who authored a section of Merlin, as well as an Estoire dou Graal or Joseph d’Arimathie (Story of the Grail) in verse.
At the beginning of the ﬁfteenth century, Laurent de Pre- The Question of the Author 25 mierfait translated the passage as follows: “the poet searches for and inhabits solitary places” (le poète quier et habite lieux solitaires); “the knight rejoices in weapons and noise” (le chevalier s’esjouist en armes et en bruit); “the legist rejoices in disputes and argumentation” (le legiste s’esjouist en riotes et en plaiz); and “the laborer rejoices in beauty and in the fertility of ﬁelds” (le laboureur s’esjouist en beauté et en planteureuseté de champs).
In the thirteenth century, the author of the romance Richard le Beau, calls himself “Mestre Requis” (Master Requested; l. 73). The possibility of an unconditional command exists, when the order comes from God. Such is the case of the writings of the mystics. In the Scivias, Hildegard von Bingen speaks of this order: “Say and write what you see and hear” (Dis et écris ce que tu vois et entends). The patron is generally a lord or lady. Marie of Champagne, for instance, for Chrétien de Troyes in the Knight of the Cart: “Since my lady of Champagne wishes me to begin a romance” (Puis que ma dame de Champaigne / Vialt que romans a feire anpraigne).