Download A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard PDF

By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard

The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the historical past, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.

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Extra info for A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States

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84. Al-Idrlsi, trans. Le Strange, Palestine under the Moslems, pp. 346-347. 85. , p. 350; James of Vitry, Epistolae, p. 115. Hitti (p. 597) says that it had a population of 20,000 in 1103, and that its principal manufactures were glass and paper. 86. Al-Idrisi, trans. Le Strange, pp. 338-339. Ch. 89 One of the principal manufactured products was sugar; Burchard gives a brief resume of the process. The canes were cut into pieces of half a palm's length; these were crushed in a press, and then the juice was boiled in copper boilers and allowed to settle in baskets of twig, where it dried quite hard.

William of Tyre, p. " 113. Itinerarium, pp. 330-332; Ambrose, p. 115. 114. Usamah, p. 100. 115. James of Vitry, F,pistolae, p. 111: "non solum laic' sed persone ecciesiastice .... 116. Usamah, p. 165. Ch. I LIFE AMONG THE EUROPEANS IN PALESTINE AND SYRIA 19 but this could not have been a common practice. 120 It is stated in one instance that such baths were kept undefiled from natural functions. 12 1 A stone bench is mentioned as being outside the bath building. 121 Game was abundant in this region and the men from Europe adapted themselves easily to the chase.

Itinerarium, p. 349. 139. Ambrose, p. " 140. Hatem, p. 300. Ch. " Refrains were composed exalting prowess. 142 Ambrose speaks of something "since the days of Roland and Oliver," which presupposes familiarity with the Chanson de Roland. Indeed Ambrose, who was a minstrel, mentions several epics, such as the Chanson d'Aspremont, and songs of Charlemagne and of Pepin. 144 We have reason to believe that the first form of the Chanson d'Antioche and that of the Chanson de Jerusalem were pieced together in Syria.

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