Download A Glossary of Political Theory by John Hoffman PDF

By John Hoffman

This publication covers alphabetically either the foremost ideas in political conception and the major writers within the box. whereas making sure accuracy and objectivity, the entries signify interpretations which are either hard and engaging. the idea underlying the booklet is that politics can't be studied with out idea, during which case the extra concrete and suitable the speculation, the higher. proposing conception in an summary model makes it daunting for college students who can locate it tricky to determine the hyperlinks among idea and perform. The definitions during this thesaurus hence relate political principles to political realities (i.e. daily controversies) in an try to lead them to as energetic, stimulating and available as attainable. phrases are chosen established upon the suggestions such a lot frequently utilized in instructing.

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The liberal tradition extends equality to all human beings, but this equality, it could be argued, is abstract and ignores the differences between people. To meet this argument, equality needs to be defined in a way that makes it compatible with difference so that to treat people equally, is to acknowledge and respect their difference. M537 - HOFFMAN TXT M_UP 13/12/06 1:22 PM Page 51 Gary Gary's G4:Users:Gary: POLITICAL THEORY A–Z 51 In what respects therefore are people equal? They are all human and all have the capacity to develop.

The latter is usually associated with more authoritarian state systems. Corporatism is defended as a way of imposing order upon society, so that the market itself is controlled and inflation and unemployment managed. In Britain the government of Thatcher sought to eliminate corporatism, arguing that corporatism was a kind of feudal and hierarchical system that privileged the producer over the consumer. However it would naïve indeed to imagine that freemarket societies do not have ‘pockets’ of corporatism, whether in terms of powerful agricultural interests, or leading capitalist sectors that ensure that the state responds positively to their bidding.

This would require that the notion of community is defined in a way that respects and builds upon the liberal tradition rather than suppresses it. See also: comunitarianism, liberalism, Marx Further reading: Taylor 1982 conflict A clash of wills that conventionally is seen as involving violence or the threat of violence. Obviously conflict can take this form, but it could be argued that conflicts of interest arise in all social relationships so that we could distinguish between conflict that involves force and coercion, and conflict that can be resolved through social pressures that involve neither.

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