By Raymond Seroul
The final twenty years have witnessed a revolution within the realm of typography, with the digital disappearance of hot-lead typesetting in prefer of the so-called electronic typesetting. the main at the back of the hot know-how is straightforward: think a truly fantastic mesh superimposed on a sheet of paper. electronic typesetting is composed in darkening the proper pixels (tiny squares) of this mesh, in styles such as every one personality and image of the textual content being set. the particular darkening is completed via a few printing machine, say a laser printer or phototypesetter, which has to be advised precisely the place the ink may still cross. because the mesh is especially fine-the dashes surrounding this sentence are a few six pixels thick, and greater than two hundred pixels long-the printer can merely be managed by way of a working laptop or computer software, which takes a "high-level" description of the web page by way of textual content, fonts, and formatting instructions, and digests all of that into "low-level" instructions for the printer. TEX is the sort of application, created by means of Donald E. Knuth, a working laptop or computer scientist at Stanford University.
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Additional info for A Beginner’s Book of TEX
When TEX is in vertical mode, it stacks boxes on top of one another. Vertical mode, too, has two submodes: • ordinary vertical mode. TEX is stacking up boxes (for example, lines of text) at the "outer level," to build up a page. When the boxes pile up to the height of a page, TEX ships them out and begins a new page. • internal vertical mode. TEX is stacking up boxes to make another box, rather than a page. The difference here, like the difference between the two horizontal modes, is that in internal vertical mode TEX will keep stacking boxes up to matter how tall the pile gets.
When TBC breaks lines at a space or \hski p , the space disappears. But there are times when a break at an \hskip would be undesirable. For example, if you type W\hski p -1 pt A inside a word, to achieve what typographers call better kerning, it would be disastrous to break the line between the two letters! lpt In the example above, then, we could write W\kern -lpt A. 5 pt for this font); • \negthinspace gives minus one-sixth of an em, that is, it pulls the surrounding letters together. Warning: kerns have no elasticity!
Once the registration formalities are over, T£X will treat the newly defined \eightrm just like the predefined names of the previous section: He had a great big head on an average body, and short, spindly legs. He had a great big head\par \eightrm on an average body, \par \sevenrm and short, spindly legs. There is nothing sacred about the name \eightrm: you could have called this font \romaneight, or \romanVIII (sorry, no digits allowed), or \romainhuit if you're more fluent in French. The notary that works inside T£X will register the most outlandish names without batting an eyelash.